CABOR Shares Tips on Growing Great Tomatoes
Tomatoes need everything to be just right. Mess up soil, sun, and water conditions just a little, and your tomatoes succumb to rot, spots, and wilt, according to Joanne Zettl, Chairwoman of the Cleveland Area Board of REALTORS®.
Soil Prep is a Must
Fall is the best time to prepare your soil for summer tomatoes. Tomatoes thrive in slightly acidic soil–pH 6.0 to 6.8. Test your soil and if it is too acidic, add pulverized lime; if it is too alkaline, add a sulfur acidifier (follow application directions on the package).
Tomatoes also want well-drained soil; so fix your soil before planting. Both sandy soil (drains too quickly) and clay soil (drains too slowly) can become tomato-friendly soil by adding decayed organic matter dried leaves, grass clippings, compost from your pile.
Location, Location, Location
Tomatoes are sun worshipers and require full sunlight, at least 6 hours per day; more is better. The south side of your property is a likely candidate for maximum sunshine.
Plants also like protection from strong wind and plenty of space to grow. A tomato plant easily can reach 6 ft. high and 4 ft. wide, so make sure you have a large, open space in your garden to devote to tomatoes. Depending on the variety, space seeds or seedlings between 1 ft. (dwarf varieties) and 4 ft. (big boys) apart.
Plant tomato seedlings as soon as your garden soil reaches 65-70 degrees F. If you have a long growing season, stagger your planting over 4-6 weeks, which will reduce bug and blight issues and will allow you to harvest fruit throughout the summer.
Dig a hole deep enough to cover roots and stems up to the lowest leaves. Add to the hole 1 cup of kelp meal and 1 cup of bone meal, which act as slow-release fertilizers that aid blossom and fruit growth.
Staking Well Done
There is no one correct way to stake a tomato plant. Some folks love to tie drooping branches to wood or bamboo stakes (green alternative). Other options: steel tomato towers or do-it-yourself tomato cages from low-cost fence wire or concrete reinforcing wire.
Remember the goal is to keep branches and fruit from dragging on the ground, where they are vulnerable to disease and infestation. If you use ties, tie them loosely around branches, which will prevent cutting tender stems.
Like most garden plants, tomatoes need about 1 inch of water per week to grow strong and tall. Tomatoes want soil to be dependably moist. They love drip hoses that supply steady water to roots; they do not like pulsating sprays that smack tender stalks and wet foliage, making it more prone to fungus.
Tried and True Tomato Tips
- Cut old pantyhose into strips to use as stake ties. They won’t cut into tender stalks, are easy to tie, and will last more than one season.
- To prevent blossom rot–ugly brown patches on the bottom of fruit that result from a calcium deficiency–mix ground eggshells into the soil, or place an antacid tablet in your planting hole.
- Rotate the location of your tomato crop each year, which will cut down on pest and disease problems and allow soil to replenish nutrients.
- Even if you buy tomato seedlings from an outdoor nursery, take about a week to harden off (acclimate) the plants before putting them in the ground. Increase daylight exposure by 2 hours per day, gradually moving the plants from shade to full sun.
- Transplant seedlings on cloudy days, when they are less likely to dehydrate.
And remember, when it is time to sell or buy a new home, contact a REALTOR® with the Cleveland Area Board of REALTORS®. They are the experts and can help you through the real estate process.